How to Ship Computers with Spare Batteries by Air [IATA PI 966]
Computers packaged with spare batteries (either lithium ion or lithium polymer batteries) that are packaged as cargo on either passenger planes or cargo planes are subject to IATA packing instruction 966. If the Watt-hour rating of the batteries is < 100 (and battery cells < 20 Watt-hour) they are subject to ?966 Section II?Excepted Lithium Ion Cells and Batteries.?
The following the following general requirements apply to all lithium ion or lithium polymer cells and batteries:
- Each cell and battery must be of the type proven to meet the requirements of each test in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, Part III, subsection 38.3 (Batteries, including those which have been refurbished or otherwise altered, are subject to these tests irrespective of whether the cells of which they are composed have been so tested)
- Cells and batteries identified by the manufacturer as being defective for safety reasons, or that have been damaged, that have the potential of producing a dangerous evolution of heat, fire or short circuit are forbidden for transport by air
- Waste lithium batteries and lithium batteries being shipped for recycling or disposal are prohibited from air transport unless approved by the appropriate national authority of the State of origin and the State of the operator (in the US, this is the Federal Aviation Administration)
- Cells and batteries must be protected so as to prevent short circuits. This includes protection against contact with conductive materials within the same packaging that could lead to a short circuit
According to PI966 Section II, lithium ion and lithium polymer batteries are not subject to any additional requirements of the IATA regulations except the requirements applicable to:
- Dangerous goods in passenger and crew baggage (see IATA Subsection 2.3): Only those lithium ion batteries as specifically permitted may be carried in carry-on baggage
- Dangerous goods in air mail (see Subsection 2.4)
- Reporting of dangerous goods accidents, incidents and other occurrences (See IATA Sections 9.6.1 and 9.6.2).
The Watt-hour rating must be marked on the outside of the battery case except those manufactured before 1 January 2009.
Cells and batteries must be packed in strong outer packagings that conform to IATA Sections 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11.1 and 18.104.22.168.1. They must be placed in inner packagings that completely enclose the cell or battery, then:
- Placed in a strong outer packaging, or
- Placed with equipment in a strong outer packaging
Each package must be capable of withstanding a 1.2 m drop test in any orientation without:
- Damage to cells or batteries contained therein
- Shifting of the contents so as to allow battery to battery (or cell to cell) contact
- Release of contents
Each consignment must be accompanied with a document that indicates:
- The package contains lithium ion cells or batteries
- The package must be handled with care and that a flammability hazard exists if the package is damaged
- Special procedures must be followed in the event the package is damaged, to include inspection and repacking if necessary
- A telephone number for additional information
When batteries are packaged with computers (or other equipment), the equipment must be secured against movement within the outer packaging and must be equipped with an effective means of preventing accidental activation. The maximum number of batteries in each package must be the minimum number required to power the equipment plus two spares.
Each package of computers with spare batteries must be labeled with the lithium battery-handling label (place the word ?ion? on the blank space below).
An IATA Shipper?s Declaration for Dangerous Goods is not required for shipments of lithium batteries that are prepared using this packing instruction. However, the words ?Lithium ion batteries,? ?not restricted? and ?PI 966? must be included on the air waybill, when an air waybill is used. The information should be shown in the ?Nature and Quantity of Goods? box of the air waybill.
The personnel that prepare or offer batteries for transport must receive adequate instruction on all of these requirements commensurate with their responsibilities. This can be accomplished by attending Environmental Resource Center?s How to Ship Batteries by Ground or Air webcast.
For more information on the transportation of dangerous goods by air, attend Environmental Resource Center?s Transportation of Dangerous Goods: Compliance with IATA Regulations?Webcast.
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How to Prepare for OSHA?s Globally Harmonized Hazard Communication Standard (GHS)
OSHA has issued a final rule revising its Hazard Communication Standard, aligning it with the United Nations? globally harmonized system (GHS) for the classification and labeling of hazardous chemicals. This means that virtually every product label, material safety data sheet (now called ?safety data sheet? or SDS), and written hazard communication plan must be revised to meet the new standard. Worker training must be updated so that workers can recognize and understand the symbols and pictograms on the new labels as well as the new hazard statements and precautions on SDSs.
Environmental Resource Center is offering webcast training for you to learn how the new rule differs from current requirements, how to implement the changes, and when the changes must be implemented. Register for an upcoming webcast on How to Prepare for OSHA?s Globally Harmonized Hazard Communication Standard (GHS) offered on the following dates:
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